新概念2-Lesson 29

更新日期:2019-03-22
Jerry的英语课堂

Lesson 29 Taxi!

 Text 课文

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Does Captain Fawcett think any trip is too dangerous? 

Captain Ben Fawcett has bought an unusual taxi and has begun a new service. The "taxi" is a small Swiss aeroplane called a "Pilatus Porter". This wonderful plane can carry seven passengers. The most surprising thing about it, however, is that it can land anywhere: on snow, water, or even on a ploughed field. Captain Fawcett"s first passenger was a doctor who flew from Birmingham to a lonely village in the Welsh mountains. Since then, Captain Fawcett has flown passengers to many unusual places. Once he landed on the roof of a block of flats and on another occasion, he landed in a deserted car park. Captain Fawcett has just refused a strange request from a businessman. The man wanted to fly to Rockall, a lonely island in the Atlantic Ocean, but Captain Fawcett did not take him because the trip was too dangerous.

New words 生词

taxi ["tæksi] n.出租汽车

Pilatus Porter皮勒特斯·波特(飞机机名)

land [lænd] v.着陆

plough [plau] v.耕地

lonely ["ləunli] a.偏僻的,人迹罕至的

Welsh [welʃ] a.威尔士的

roof [ru:f] n.楼顶

block [blɔk] n.一座大楼

flat [flæt] n.公寓房

desert [di"zət] v.废弃

 Grammar focus 语法

1. The "taxi" is a small Swiss aeroplane called a "Pilatus Porter". 这辆“出租汽车”是一家小型瑞士飞机,叫“皮勒特斯·波特”号。

called a "Pilatus Porter".是一个过去分词短语,在句中作修饰和限定aeroplane的后置定语。这句话也可以改成一个定语从句:

The "taxi" is a small Swiss aeroplane which is called a "Pilatus Porter".

Swiss在句中作形容词,表示瑞士的。Swiss作名词时,表示瑞士人。瑞士Switzerland,首都是伯尔尼Bern。

瑞典Sweden,首都是斯德哥尔摩Stockholm。Swedish作形容词表示瑞典的,作名词时表示瑞典人。

2. The most surprising thing about it, however, is that it can land anywhere: on snow, water, or even on a ploughed field. 然而,最令人惊奇的是它能够在任何地方降落:雪地上,水面上,甚至刚耕过的田里。

However也可以放在句子的开头。整个句子其实是一个表语从句,is后面的that是连词,it can land anywhere这个句子在整个句子中作表语。表语从句通常位于be动词的后面,如:

The question is whether technology is going to be our servant or our master.

问题是科技将为我们所用,还是要驾驭我们。

3. Captain Fawcett"s first passenger was a doctor who flew from Birmingham to a lonely village in the Welsh mountains. 弗西特机长的位乘客是为医生,他从伯明翰飞往威尔士山区一个偏僻的村庄。

本句是一个定语从句,句子who flew from Birmingham to a lonely village in the Welsh mountains.是修饰和限定前面的名词doctor的,表明是一位从伯明翰飞往威尔士山区一个偏僻村庄的医生。

Birmingham伯明翰是英国的第二大城市,人口与面积均仅次于伦敦,地处英格兰中部。

Welsh作形容词表示威尔士的,作名词表示威尔士人。Wales指威尔士。英国的全称是The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国。大不列颠岛即是有英格兰England,、苏格兰Scotland及威尔士Wales这三个部分组成的。

4. Once he landed on the roof of a block of flats and on another occasion, he landed in a deserted car park. 一次,他把飞机降落在了一栋公寓楼的屋顶上,还有一次,降落在了一个废弃的停车场上。

这是一个由and连接的并列句。and前面的句子中a block of flats表示一栋公寓楼,a block在此表示一栋。Block在我们表达地址时经常用到,例如:

Flat 1501, Block , Sunny Bay Estate, Bao"an District, Shenzhen.

深圳市宝安区阳光海小区栋2205号

and后面的句子中deserted是个形容词,表示无人居住的,废弃的。desert可以用作动词表示废弃、放弃;还可以用作名词表示沙漠、荒漠,这时读/ˈdezət/。如:

Why did you desert teaching for politics? (作动词)

你为什么弃教从政呢?

The climate is very dry in the desert. (作名词)

沙漠里气候很干燥

与desert相似的单词是dessert,多了1个s,dessert表示甜点。如:

Would you like some coffee or dessert?

你要不要来点咖啡或甜点?

occasion表示场合、时机。如:

I"m sorry that I can"t be with you on such an important occasion. 

很抱歉我不能在这么重要的场合和你在一起。

5. The man wanted to fly to Rockall, a lonely island in the Atlantic Ocean. 这个人想要飞往大西洋上的一个孤岛--罗卡尔岛。

句中a lonely island in the Atlantic Ocean.这个短语是用作补语,来补充说明前面的名词Rockall.

Atlantic Ocean指大西洋,其它的三大洋分别是:

Pacific Ocean 太平洋  

Indian Ocean 印度洋

Arctic Ocean 北冰洋

6. but Captain Fawcett did not take him because the trip was too dangerous. 弗西特机长之所以不去送他,是因为那段飞行太危险了。

这是一个原因状语从句。句中take him表示带他去那个岛,其后省略了to the island。take与bring和fetch的区别是:

take常表示带走(从某地或某人处带走)。如:

We take books to school everyday.

我们每天带着书本上学。 

bring表示带来(从某处带来什么东西)。如:

Please bring me my book this afternoon.

今天下午请把我的书带来给我。

fetch表示取来(去某地把某物取回来)。如:

Shall I fetch a higher chair for your daughter, madam? 

太太,要不要给您女儿拿一张高椅子?

课文视频 ▼

Exercises 练习

一. Answer these questions.

1. Has Captain Ben Fawcett bought a small Swiss aeroplane, or has he bought an ordinary taxi? Does he use it as a taxi or not? (and)

    Captain Ben Fawcett has bought a small Swiss aeroplane and he uses it as a taxi.

2. What is it called?

    It is called a "Pilatus Porter".

3. How many passengers can it carry? Can it land anywhere or not? (not only…but)

    It can not only carry seven passengers but also land anywhere.

4. Has Captain Fawcett taken passengers to many strange places in his plane or not?

    Captain Fawcett has taken passengers to many strange places in his plane.

5. Did he refuse to fly a businessman to Rockall or not?

    He refused a businessman to fly to Rockall.

6. Was the journey too dangerous or not?

    It was too dangerous.

二. Rewrite these sentences using the correct verbs and joining words.

The plane not (not only) (neither) (flew) (threw) close to the water, (but) (or) also flew under the bridge. (Then) (However) it (climbed) (ran) into the air. The people on the bridge (waved) (shook) to the pilot (and) (yet) he did not (notice) (look after) them.

三. I am writing to someone who lives abroad. Which of these two headings would be correct?

19 High Lane,

Newton,

Middlesex,

10th September, 19__

19 High Lane,

Newton,

Middlesex,

England.

10th September, 19__

答案:第二个信头是正确的,因为是给居住在国外的人写信,所以要写国名。

四. Give the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

Captain Ben Fawcett has bought(buy) an unusual taxi and has begun(begin) a new service. The "taxi" is a small Swiss aeroplane called a "Pilatus Porter". This wonderful plane can carry seven passengers. …Captain Fawcett"s first passenger was(be) a doctor who flew(fly) from Birmingham to a lonely village in the Welsh mountains. Since then, Captain Fawcett has flown(fly) passengers to many unusual places. Once he landed(land) on the roof of a block of flats and on another occasion, he landed in a deserted car park. Captain Fawcett has just refused(refuse) a strange request from a businessman. The man wanted(want) to fly to Rockall, a lonely island in the Atlantic Ocean, but Captain Fawcett did not take(not take) him because the trip was(be) too dangerous.

五. Choose the correct words in the following.

1. When you go to the kitchen, please (fetch) (bring) me a glass of water.

2. The ball went over the fence and the football player asked a boy to (fetch) (bring) it.

3. When I asked him, he (refused) (denied) to tell me.

4. Do you (deny) (refuse) that you have told me a lie?

5. How are you? (Too) (Very) well, thank you.

“谢谢赞赏支持!”


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